Herman.Bruyninckx (@) mech.kuleuven.be
ORCID identity: 0000-0003-3776-1025

Celestijnenlaan 300B bus 2420, room 01.053, B-3001 Leuven (Heverlee), Belgium

Tel: (+32) 16 32 80 56 (direct), (+32) 16 32 24 80 (secr)

Dr. Herman Bruyninckx

University of Leuven
Mechanical Engineering
KU Leuven logo
      Eindhoven University of Technology
Mechanical Engineering
TU/e logo

How to reach Leuven. My locations in Leuven and in Eindhoven on OpenStreetMap.

Professional profile

My ambition is to become the best meta-level, systems-thinking roboticist alive…
And to realise such systems too!

Full Professor (Gewoon Hoogleraar) at the University of Leuven since October 2013.
(PhD under supervision of Joris De Schutter in 1995; Assistant Professor since October 1998; Associate Professor since October 2003; Professor since October 2008.)
Partime Full Professor at Eindhoven University of Technology since February 2014.

Doctor honoris causa (“√¶resdoktor”) of the University of Southern Denmark (Syddansk Universitet, Odense, Denmark), on October 3, 2014.

Between January 2008 and March 2015, I have been leading the European robotics community, first as Coordinator of the seminal network EURON (as successor of the founding Coordinator Henrik Christensen, and strongly supported by my esteemed emeritus colleague Hendrik van Brussel) and since 2013 as Vice-President Research of the euRobotics AISBL.

My views on these functions are:

EuRobotics AISBL
SPARC, The Partnership for Robotics in Europe.

The euRobotics AISBL association was founded in Brussels on September 17th, 2012, to realise the large-scale, long-term and self-sustainable integration of the academic and industrial robotics stakeholders in Europe.
On December 17th, 2013, euRobotics and the European Commission signed a contract for a Public-Private Partnership “to boost European industrial leadership, extend its excellent science base and provide a forum for end-user participation in European robotics.”. At the Automatica 2014 fair in Munich, this PPP was officially launched, on June 3, 2014, under the name SPARC.

From its inception in 2000, I have been a member of the Jury for the (then “EURON” now “euRobotics”) Georges Giralt PhD Award. From 2008 till 2014, I acted as the Chairman of this Jury.

The most important “Key Performance Indicator” of individual researchers (that can not be quantified…) is their impact on their research community's progress towards solving societal challenges

Our Robotics Research group is partner in the RoboNed network of robotics groups (academic as well as industrial) in the Netherlands and Belgium. I expect such “local clusters” to start playing an ever more important role in the European robotics scene, because they offer a good trade-off between “locality” of, on the one hand, direct person-to-person interaction and information dissemination, and, on the other hand, a critical mass of researchers and industries that can foster innovation.

Academic partner of the OSADL (Open Source Automation Development Lab).

Co-founder and Associate Editor of the Journal of Software Engineering in Robotics (JOSER).
Officer of the International Foundation of Robotics Research (2003–…).

Science is never value-free!

Expert (and advocate since 1996) on Free and Open Source Software, and open IT standards, in which domain I have been consulted many times by various governmental, educational and industrial organisations and administrations. The results of Open Innovation with FOSS licenses are tremendous; here is just one single example, the WikiBooks on LaTeX or Control Systems. Of course the whole Wikipedia ecosystem in itself is one of the disruptive innovations of the early 21st century.


“Sense-Plan-Act” and “Subsumption Architectures” are things of the past in robotics, to be replaced by the “Every robot task is a constraint-optimization problem” paradigm, that links continuous, discrete and symbolic knowledge, at runtime, and all the time.


My research focuses on making use of as much domain knowledge (the “robotics ontology”!) as possible, especially for realtime algorithms and software, close to the hardware, the controller(s) and the sensor(s). My major research questions are:

  1. How can knowledge-driven, affordance-based robot programming, perception and learning be made more realtime, while still taking into account more prior knowledge (“models” about he objects and the robots), more sensors, and more features in each sensor?

  2. How should the robot control software of the future be developed? And how will it cope with the exploding complexity in knowledge, distributed components, and variation in tasks?

    The currently most popular robot software architecture is Sense-Plan-Act (as an unfortunate by-product of the ROS domination of the software field), but its architectural primitives are too limiting to support real affordance approaches.

  3. What are the new Domain Specific Languages (DSLs) that we have to develop to make the knowledge representation and the programming of robots a lot more easy? (And, at the same time, a lot more deterministic and semantically consistent!)

  4. How should we design and apply multi-sensor perception networks, to replace the traditional “single-sensor pipeline architectures”?

Think weird,
design big,
implement small,
cooperate worldwide,
exploit regionally!

Here is a bit more detailed description of my research areas:

Current projects


Bibliometrics-driven science policies create schisms between scientists and society, hindering the impact and application of scientifc research, and the creation of innovative new paradigms

Contact me to get electronic copies of my publications. (This database-generated list only goes back five years; here is a full version.)

I have been very active in promoting the introduction into the robotics domain of the separation of concerns concept, originally via the 4Cs (of Radestock and Eisenbach, 1996, see below), which I refined into the 5Cs: Computation, Communication, Coordination, Composition, and Configuration.

The first “real” publication about the 5Cs was this White Paper, created in the context of the Robot Standards (RoSta) project: Erwin Prassler, Herman Bruyninckx, Klas Nilsson, and Azamat Shakhimardanov, The Use of Reuse for Designing and Manufacturing Robots. Klas deserves the credit of introducing me to the seminal paper by Matthias Radestock and Susan Eisenbach, Coordination in evolving systems, Trends in Distributed Systems. CORBA and Beyond, Springer-Verlag, 1996, pp. 162-176.

A more complete paper on the 5Cs, and on how to use them not just for separation but also for constructive composition has been published in JOSER: The 5C-based architectural Composition Pattern: lessons learned from re-developing the iTaSC framework for constraint-based robot programming, Dominick Vanthienen, Markus Klotzbuecher, Herman Bruyninckx, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2014.

A copy of the documentation of Markus Klotzbücher's rFSM package on Github can be found here.

PhD students

Robotics PhD students of all countries, unite! Not to write yet another thousand papers “full” of Least Publishable Units of knowledge, but to let your progress have an impact on solving the real societal challenges of this century

Selected past projects

The FP7 projects BRICS (Best Practice in Robotics, 2009–2013) and Rosetta (Robot control for skilled execution of tasks in natural interaction with humans; based on autonomy, cumulative knowledge and learning, 2009–2013) have helped me understand what step changes are required in the domains of, respectively, systems software engineering and task specification.

Teaching & Education

If universities are serious about lifelong learning, they stimulate their professors, staff and students to develop educational contents primarily within the Wikipedia ecosystem: Wiki articles, Wiki books, and Wiki courses. The others pay lots of money to keep their educational material behind passwords, preventing their students to access the material almost immediately after they have passed a course…

In Leuven

The contributions to the education of our young engineers that I value most are my emphasis on (i) system-level thinking, and (ii) attitude of constructively critical evaluation of all available sources of information, starting with pseudo-peer reviewed open content such as the Wikipedia. Our students score poorly on both aspects, which I think are fundamental for Europe's ability to maintain an innovative R&D ecosystem. The future does not belong to those who posess the most knowledge, but to those who are able to understand how and where that knowledge could be applied.

My most revolutionary contribution to education is the extensive use of professional mailing list tools to teach a course: this is the most effective (albeit labour intensive and not always efficient…) approach to provide learning feedback to students on an individual basis, answering to their problems when they are ready for it. This best practice comes directly from my long-term, intensive immersion in, and contributions to, the “open source” community.

In Europe

In 2012, I created the European PhD School in Robotics Systems, that has the ambition to teach students how to understand the whole domain of cognitive robotics in five days, and how to approach the research, implementation and application challenges in designing and developing such robotic systems in a methodological way.

Our group's senior research staff

Senior research expert


Working with me

Progress comes from fierce and ruthless confrontation of ideas, not of people

If you want to come and work with me, I expect you to be a full-time user of Linux, advanced editors (such as Vim or Emacs), Inkscape, Blender, version control systems (e.g., subversion or git), LaTex (for documents as well as presentations). Contributions to Free and Open Source Software projects are very much stimulated, and (more than weekly) contributions to “a friendly Wikipedia page near you” are mandatory.

The most important thing I can offer to potential post docs is a lot of opportunities to get immersed into the most vibrant core of the European robotics research scene, including lots of interactions with some dozens of the best groups in Europe and worldwide.

Take all criticism seriously but not personally. If there is truth or merit in the criticism, try to learn from it. Otherwise, let it roll right off you.

Hillary Rodham Clinton

I am a firm believer in the maturity and responsibility of PhD students. Hence, I do not want to be their “supervisor” but rather their “coach”. In return, I expect them to always have a clear idea about where exactly they want to go with their research. My rule of thumb for a PhD student is to have 2–3 research hypotheses written out in full, at all times. They need them, not only to explain to visitors what their research is all about, but also to keep their strength and self-confidence, since I flood them continuously with (potentially) good ideas, papers and software, with constructive criticism, and with stimuli to “think weird” and “desgin big”. I do realise that such a turmoil of scientific discussions and doubts can take some time to adapt to, and requires strong nerves to keep one's research focus, but I do not apologize for this behaviour of mine, because:

I do not have a Skype account, nor am I part of asocial media such as Facebook, Twitter or LinkedIn. And I am not planning to get those accounts, because of ethical and pragmatic principles: these initiatives introduce proprietary protocols and/or prevent inter-community, multi-vendor communication, and such things are known to create monopolies, and hence prevent fair markets of VOIP or social networking as emerging communication instruments. It's only 30 years ago that our society succeeded to escape from under the traditional telecom monopolies, but it seems not to have learned anything from those experiences…

I am prepared to pay a price for fairness and freedom; I suggest to use the facilities offered by the free market of teleconferencing via the traditional telephone line and to use open VOIP protocols. Or, preferably, use Open Standards formats, such as WebRTC, and user-friendly implementations of it such as Firefox' Hello.

I am strongly convinced of the long-term advantages of using only Open Standards in all ICT matters: vendor independence, software independence, better chances of long-term archiving, stimulation of better decoupled ICT solutions, etc. So, please, send me only plain text, HTML, PDF, or ODF messages and documents in your electronic communication.

Student internships and master theses

ICT empowerment is about much more than just using a computer for what you did 20 years ago already with pen, paper and file cabinets. It's all about standing on the shoulders of thousands and thousands of open source midgets, and, especially, about throwing out that Outlook programme of yours, because it only supports top posting, sigh…

I welcome Master students from universities all over Europe, and I'm especially interested in computer-literate students (Linux, C, Lua, HTML5, and, to a lesser extent, “everything and the kitchen sink” wrong-level languages such C++ or Java), who want to contribute to Free and Open Source Software projects to make them better suited for robotics.

PhD alumni

My background


If you are really concerned about a better world, get rid of your car and become a vegetarian: all other options are irresponsible wastes of energy and health.


Copyleft 1997–2015, Herman Bruyninckx

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